how to make homemade wine

 Ingredients Needed - How to Make Homemade Wine

How to Make Wine Ingredients

How to Make Homemade Wine Picture3

Nowadays, if you want to learn how to make homemade wine and you have taken the time to look over the wine collection of a store, you surely will hesitate to find precisely what you want. But have you ever thought about the wonderful process that turns a grape bunch into excellent wine? If so, then the procedure of how to make homemade wine will surely attract you.


 The Grapes – Importance and Effects


When learning how to make wine from home you will learn that among all the ingredients necessary in order to make wine the grapes carry the most vital part. This is in fact the only fruit which is balanced in each respect. It holds the correct equilibrium of sugar, yeast nutrients, acids (Malic, Tartaric, and Ascorbic etc.), water content, tannins, etc. Nearly all other fruit however will produce fine wines, but they are frequently lacking one or more factors to attain perfection and require additional ingredients. When you are in the process of learning how to make wine from home, it is important to understand that the quality of wine depends very much on the quality of grapes that are going to be used. On the other hand the quality of grapes depends on various factors like their variety, the weather conditions during the cultivating season, the time of crop, the soil and the way of their prune. There are several types of grapes but Vitis vinifera is the most commonly used species of grapes to make wine which includes almost all categories of European origin. The wine grapes are normally harvested in the autumn from the vineyard. 


Vitis vinifera grapes can be grown in any temperature to warm climate easily. The ripe grapes contain a solution of water and sugar and the skins contain nature yeasts. In the process of fermentation, these organisms of single cell consume the sugar that generated naturally and turn it into carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol. This simple and easy process has been experimented and implemented for thousand years in the culture of human. Since last hundred or more years, new technology and ideas from the makers of wine have played an increasing role in winemaking. It’s becoming more than a science.


Wine grapes contain various exclusive signature characteristics. These varieties can change the quality of a wine. Some popular and frequently used grapes are Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Sangiovese, Syrah (Shiraz), Zinfandel and Tempranillo. These grapes are used to make Red wines. There are other types of grapes available that is used to make White wines. Those are Chardonnay, Gruner Veltliner, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc. Knowing which grapes are the best to use when learning how to make wine from home is very important to the quality of the wine that you make.


Sugar & Yeast – How to Make Homemade Wine


The most important thing to learn about how to make wine is the importance of sugar and yeast to your wines. White sugar is usually always used for producing fine wine and all the sugar should be dissolved before including anything like raisins or wheat to the brew. If anything is added before dissolving all the sugar, the yeast may not ferment correctly and some of them could remain in the shape of syrup and end up being thrown out of the pot. Because of this, the producing wine may turn out quite jagged.


The yeast used by bakers is another important ingredient for making wine during this stage. You can purchase yeast from your local bakery or wine supply store. The standard mixture of yeast with the brew is 1 ounce per 1 to 3 gallons. There are other forms of yeast that can be used when you are learning how to make wine, however it is best to use the one called for in the recipe.


Yeast should not be added too early. If it is added below the boiling point, the yeast organism will be destroyed and no fermentation will take place.

Fundamental Principle of Winemaking 


Are you trying to gather basic information about the principle of winemaking? Here it comes. The grapes are harvested both by hand and with motorized harvesters. However, harvesting by hand is more recommended. The grapes should be kept to a least amount of exposure to air at all the stages of the harvesting process. Powdered sulfites are scattered sometimes on the grapes before crushing in order to prevent them from too much effect with the air. Fermentation process usually occurs in open vats. Various processes may be utilized to ensure the clarity of the wine such as filtration and fining. Just after the fermentation has finished, the wine is moved to a giant settling tank where fining, filtration and other techniques of clarification may be implied. 


The production procedure of white wine and red wine has significant differences. Generally, red wine is made by crushed and fermented grapes. On the other hand, fermented grape juice without its skins or meats is used to make white wine. Red grapes are responsible for colored wines that you see. The skin of the red grape adds a little bit of color as well as nutrients to the crushed juice.   When you are learning how to make homemade wine you will need to know why the ingredients are being used, there are many other ingredients that can be used for your wine but the basic ones are the grapes, the sugar, and the yeast.


Additional Issues Regarding Winemaking Ingredients


There are many people who think that using further ingredients like more sugar/yeast or less water than is mentioned in the instruction is good for the wine. But this is not always true, as you may produce a more strong wine. The potency of wine is determined by the quantity of alcohol where the yeast is able to live and persist in doing its work. If you use too much sugar, the wine will be far too sweet. There will be totally no difference if you use more yeast as it is not able to create more alcohol. Age can make only a very small difference to the wine’s alcohol content. If you use too many ingredients to make wine, it will create a liquid that is too high an specific gravity and a liquid having many solids, in different words, the liquid will be too thick, and you have to wait for a long time in order to make the liquid clean. It is important to keep these concepts in mind.


Additional Ingredients You Will Need to Learn and Use


  • Yeast nutrient: works as a jump starter to the yeast cells to get them motivated to turn your sugar into the alcohol you need for your wine.
  • Campden Tablets: they are added before the fermentation process and before you bottle your wine, they are good for making sure your wine does not spoil and continues to taste fresh up until the time you drink it.
  • Grape Tannin: you should add this for wines other than grape wines
  • Pectin Enzyme: breaks down any pectin found in your wine and aids in clearing the wine. You will want to use it if you are making peach wine and strawberry wine and many others.
  • Yeast Energizer: you may want to use this as a replacement for the yeast nutrient if your fruit is severely deficient in nutrients.


It is a very good idea when learning how to make wine that you keep a few extras of these products around so you don’t run out because they can mean the difference between a good wine and a great wine.



Wines have become a perfect gift for parties and a nice drink for personal enjoyment of course. When you have already made few batches of wines, you can use your creativity to make some unique wines. Additionally, you can think more than the general varieties based on grapes and can make other kinds of fruit wine such as strawberry, cherry, blackberry and watermelon. Other probabilities include mead, which is a traditional wine created from honey. Because wines are such a valued gift and a great addition to any social setting, making wine can be a very rewarding hobby. Now you ned to learn what equipment you will need to make wine. Please read our free article on Equipment Needed.


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   how to make wine from home 

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